Communication disorders include speech, language, voice, fluency, social communication, and hearing disorders.
- Speech delay or disorder. The child may not be understood easily, due to difficulty producing and sequencing speech sounds. Speech difficulties include articulation difficulties, phonological delays or disorders, and motor speech disorders.
- Comprehension or receptive language delay or disorder. The child has difficulty understanding what is said and following directions.
- Expressive language delay or disorder. The child may has difficulty putting his thoughts into words and putting words into sentences. This can involve difficulty with vocabulary and sentence structure.
- Fluency disorder. The child is stuttering. Stuttering is also referred to as dysfluency.
- Voice disorder. The child may have a chronically hoarse voice or "lose" his/her voice for long periods of time. This can be related to vocal misuse, or to structural problems with the larynx and vocal cords.
- Hearing loss or deafness. In children, hearing loss may be temporary (due to repeated ear infections and fluid in the ears), or permanent.
- Social Communication difficulties. Difficulties with the interaction component of communication, including eye contact, shared attention, turn-taking, reading facial expressions and body language, understanding tone of voice, and staying on topic. When a child is having trouble learning about social communication, it is harder to learn language, to join in conversations, and to play with other children.
Language Express also helps children who have Emergent Literacy delays. Emergent Literacy skills are the skills children need to be developing from infancy so that they are ready to learn to read and write later.
These are examples only. If you have concerns about your child's communication, contact us.